D. A. Carson identifies several common exegetical fallacies in his 1996 book. These fallacies hinder an interpreter from finding the correct meaning of a biblical text.
The categories of fallacies that he address are:
- Word-Study Fallacies are fallacies that come from finding meaning of a text through improperly isolating the meanings of the individual words in the text.
- Grammatical Fallacies are fallacies that come from finding meaning of a text through improperly isolating the meanings from specific grammatical structures that may or may not correctly identify the author’s intent.
- Logical Fallacies are fallacies that improperly arrive at conclusions from inadequate justification.
- Presuppositional and Historical Fallacies are fallacies that ignore the interpreters’ biases as he approaches the text and the effect of the biases on the interpretations.
Carson does a great job in summarizing many common exegetical fallacies. This book is both brief and detailed. Readers may be frustrated that the book is either too brief to fully understand the details or too detailed for an introduction to the topic.